Comparison Between Montessori & Traditional Education 2017-10-25T07:59:21+00:00

Comparison between Montessori & traditional education

Montessori

  • No pre-determined curriculum; children choose the materials suitable to their developmental stage.

  • Children work at own pace and aren’t hurried to meet a schedule.

  • Children are free to explore and discover on their own.

  • Emphasis on the concrete.

  • Reality orientated.

  • Children are given a sense of order and responsibility – everything has to be returned to its place.

  • The learning environment is child-centred.

  • Children provide their own stimulation and motivation to learn.

  • Montessori materials are designed to promote self-education and self-correction.

  • Montessori methods recognise children’s sensitive developmental and learning periods.

  • Montessori designed multi-sensory materials develop specific skills.

  • Children are free to around the classroom and pick materials at will.

  • Children may talk freely, provided they don’t disturb the others.

  • Teachers are guides only, encouraging children to act and think for themselves.

  • Disorderly conduct in the class is regarded as the teacher’s fault. Teachers have to adjust their approach to address misbehaviour.

Traditional

  • Teachers work to a set curriculum.

  • Teachers set the pace to get through the work in a specified time-frame.

  • Teachers enforce a lesson plan that is followed every day.

  • Emphasis on the abstract.

  • Much role play and fantasy.

  • Materials don’t necessarily need to go in the exact place from which they came. There is no real sense of order.

  • The teacher is the centre of attention.

  • Teacher provides the stimulation and drives the learning process.

  • Teachers use reward and punishment as a means to motivate education.

  • Children are subjected to a generic approach and treated alike.

  • Play materials are for non-specific skills.

  • Children have to sit in designated places and aren’t allowed to move without permission or choose their own materials.

  • Children have to keep quiet unless called upon to answer questions or invited to ask questions.

  • The teacher is the leader and children are expected to follow.

  • Disorderly conduct is considered the child’s fault and results in punishment.